You have to write 2 paper Write a 500 word essay paper that discusses the topic below.  Your paper should be in APA format with viable sources to solidify your thoughts presented.  Your references must not be more than 5 years old and no more than one entity source and no more than one N.D source.  Wikipedia is not considered a valid source.  All references listed on the reference page must have a valid in text citation in the body of the paper.  This essay must be consistent with graduate level work.  You are strongly encouraged view the tips in the writing center to ensure your papers are properly formatted. As the demand for systems and applications continue to grow, organizations are striving to get things correct the first time as barriers are high and alternatives are plentiful.  Review the elements systems engineering discussed in Chapter 2 and select the most critical element and one you see commonly overlooked. Write a 300 word.

Title: Critical Elements and Overlooked Factors in Systems Engineering

As organizations face increasing demand for complex systems and applications, the need for effective systems engineering becomes paramount. Systems engineering involves the application of scientific and engineering principles to the design, development, and deployment of systems. This essay aims to discuss the critical elements of systems engineering, as well as one commonly overlooked factor. By understanding these elements and factors, organizations can improve their ability to deliver high-quality systems that meet stakeholder needs.

Critical Element: Requirements Engineering
One of the most critical elements in systems engineering is requirements engineering. This process involves identifying, documenting, and managing the needs and expectations of stakeholders. Effective requirements engineering is essential for successful system development and ensures that the system meets its intended purpose. The key activities in requirements engineering include elicitation, analysis, specification, and validation.

Elicitation refers to the gathering of requirements from various stakeholders, such as end-users, customers, and subject matter experts. This process can involve interviews, surveys, and workshops to capture the necessary information. Analysis entails understanding and prioritizing the requirements to determine the feasibility and potential impact on the system. Specification involves translating the gathered requirements into a formal document that serves as a blueprint for system development. Lastly, validation ensures that the specified requirements are complete, consistent, and traceable to stakeholder needs.

Overlooked Factor: Human Factors Engineering
One commonly overlooked factor in systems engineering is human factors engineering (HFE). HFE focuses on designing systems that consider human capabilities, limitations, and characteristics to optimize usability, safety, and overall performance. Neglecting HFE can result in systems that are challenging or impossible to use, leading to decreased efficiency, increased errors, and ultimately, user dissatisfaction.

Human factors engineering encompasses various aspects, including ergonomics, cognitive psychology, anthropometry, and user-centered design. Ergonomics involves designing systems and interfaces that fit the physical capabilities and limitations of users, promoting comfort and minimizing physical strain. Cognitive psychology explores mental processes to design systems that align with human cognition, memory, attention, and decision-making abilities. Anthropometry considers the physical dimensions and capacities of different user groups to design systems that accommodate a diverse range of users. Lastly, user-centered design places the user at the center of the design process, involving them in iterative feedback and evaluation to ensure the system meets their needs and preferences.

In conclusion, systems engineering plays a crucial role in developing successful systems and applications. While requirements engineering is a critical element that ensures the system meets stakeholder needs, human factors engineering is often overlooked but essential for optimizing usability and performance. By incorporating these elements into the systems engineering process, organizations can enhance their ability to deliver high-quality systems that meet user expectations and contribute to overall success.

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