The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) publishes Special Publications (SP) to help government agencies and private companies develop and support security programs. The deals specifically with computer security. SPs are considered guidelines for nongovernment entities whereas both NIST Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) documents and the SPs are required standards for government agencies. a 1- to 2-page table in Microsoft® Word or a Microsoft® Excel® table in which you outline how a CISO would use the NIST publications to develop security policies. the following column headings: the following row headings: You were recently hired as CISO for a healthcare company that qualifies as a “Covered Entity” under HIPAA, which means it must comply with the standards of the HIPAA Security Rule. Using the table you created in Part 1, a 2- to 3-page informal comparison outlining the overarching components and outcomes of your NIST-based structure as compared to a structure operating in the global marketplace. Logically explain how NIST compliance influences information security governance and is part of formulating the organization’s desired outcomes. all sources using APA guidelines. your assignment, including the 1- to 2-page table and the 2- to 3-page comparison.

Title: The Role of NIST Publications in Developing Security Policies: A Comparative Analysis with the Global Marketplace

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is an agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce that publishes Special Publications (SP) to assist government agencies and private companies in developing and supporting security programs. These publications primarily focus on computer security and serve as guidelines for nongovernment entities. Additionally, NIST Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) documents and SPs together form the required standards for government agencies. This paper outlines how a Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) would utilize NIST publications to develop security policies, and further compares this NIST-based structure with a structure operating in the global marketplace.

Using NIST Publications to Develop Security Policies:
A CISO in a healthcare company operating under the HIPAA Security Rule must comply with the specific standards outlined by HIPAA. One can leverage various NIST publications to aid in the development of effective security policies. The following table provides an overview of how a CISO can use NIST publications to support the formulation of security policies:

Table 1: Utilization of NIST Publications to Develop Security Policies

| Column Headings | Row Headings |
| NIST Publication | Purpose |
| SP 800-53 | Security Control Catalog |
| SP 800-30 | Risk Assessment Methodology |
| SP 800-37 | Risk Management Framework |
| SP 800-18 | System Security Planning |
| SP 800-12 | An Introduction to Computer Security |
| FIPS 200 | Minimum Security Requirements |

The CISO can refer to SP 800-53 to identify the relevant security controls that need to be implemented. SP 800-30 can assist in conducting a comprehensive risk assessment to identify potential vulnerabilities and establish appropriate safeguards. SP 800-37 provides guidance on managing risks through an organized framework, while SP 800-18 aids in the formulation of a system security plan. Finally, SP 800-12 serves as an introductory resource on computer security, covering fundamental concepts and principles. FIPS 200 defines minimum security requirements that need to be followed.

Comparison: NIST-based Structure vs. Global Marketplace
In the global marketplace, organizations have different approaches to information security governance. While NIST-based structures emphasize adherence to standardized guidelines and practices, the global marketplace exhibits greater diversity in terms of security frameworks. However, incorporation of the NIST compliance framework in an organization’s information security governance can have significant positive implications.

NIST compliance influences information security governance by providing a comprehensive and systematic approach to security implementation. It ensures that organizations follow a standardized set of controls, assessment methodologies, and risk management processes. NIST publications equip organizations with the necessary knowledge and tools to mitigate risks, safeguard sensitive information, and protect against cyber threats. By aligning security policies with NIST recommendations, organizations can demonstrate a commitment to best practices and establish a strong security posture.

Moreover, NIST compliance allows organizations to formulate desired outcomes by streamlining security efforts and enabling better management of resources. NIST-based structures provide clear guidelines for security planning, risk management, and control selection, enabling organizations to allocate their resources effectively. Through adherence to NIST publications, organizations can focus on achieving their desired outcomes, such as robust compliance with regulatory requirements, enhanced data protection, and improved overall security posture.

In conclusion, utilizing NIST publications is essential for a CISO in developing security policies, especially for organizations operating in regulated industries such as healthcare. The NIST framework provides a systematic approach to security implementation and helps organizations align their security efforts with industry best practices. By incorporating NIST compliance in information security governance, organizations can ensure a comprehensive and structured approach to risk management while formulating desired outcomes.

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