1)Take a tour of your building on campus or at work. What is secured at night when workers are absent? Record the location and type of physical access control devices.How do these access controls change at night when workers are absent? How well trained do guards and other employees appear to be? Do they allow, “piggybacking” (somebody slipping into a facility behind an authorized individual without being challenged)? What are the policies for visitors and contractors? How does this all impact physical security? 2)If possible at either your place of employment or your school, attempt to determine how easy it would be to perform dumpster diving to gain access to information at the site. Are trash receptacles easy to gain access to? Are documents shredded before being discarded? Are areas where trash is stored easily accessible? 3)How are authentication and authorization alike and how are they different? What is the relationship, if any, between the two? 4)Discuss the differences between an anomaly-based and a misuse based detection model. Which would you use to protect a corporate network of 10,000 users? Why would you choose that model? I need each question atleast 1and half page with 0% plagiarism

1) Access Control and Security Measures in Buildings

Access control is a crucial aspect of physical security in buildings, protecting personnel, assets, and information from unauthorized access. In this assignment, we will explore the physical access control measures implemented during the absence of workers in a building on campus or at a workplace. We will also assess the level of training provided to guards and employees, examine the possibility of piggybacking, and analyze the policies for visitors and contractors. Ultimately, we will discuss the overall impact of these measures on physical security.

When workers are absent, buildings typically implement a variety of physical access control devices to secure the premises. These devices include electronic keycard or badge readers, biometric scanners, alphanumeric keypads, and CCTV surveillance systems. The specific location of these devices may vary depending on the building’s layout and requirements. For instance, access controls may be installed at entrance points such as doors, turnstiles, parking gates, or elevator entrances.

During the night when workers are absent, access controls often undergo certain changes to enhance security. For instance, access permissions may be revised to limit access to certain areas or floors. Some buildings may implement time-based access control, allowing only authorized personnel to enter during specific time frames. Additionally, security personnel may conduct regular patrols or monitor CCTV cameras to detect any suspicious activities.

The level of training provided to guards and other employees plays a crucial role in the effectiveness of access controls. Well-trained personnel are more likely to identify and respond appropriately to security incidents or breaches. They should be knowledgeable about access control procedures, policies, and emergency protocols. Observing the guards and employees during the tour can provide insights into their level of attentiveness, professionalism, and adherence to security protocols.

Piggybacking, a practice where an unauthorized individual enters a facility by closely following an authorized person, poses a significant security risk. It compromises the integrity of access controls and can lead to unauthorized access. Hence, it is important to assess if guards and employees challenge individuals attempting to piggyback. This can be observed by monitoring whether guards verify identification badges or question unfamiliar people entering the building.

The policies for visitors and contractors also have a significant impact on physical security. Robust visitor and contractor management processes are essential to ensure that only authorized individuals gain access to the premises. These policies may include visitor registration, temporary access badges, escort requirements, and pre-approval procedures. Examining these policies can shed light on how effectively the building manages external access and reduces the risk of unauthorized entry.

Overall, the implementation of physical access control measures, the level of training provided to personnel, the prevention of piggybacking, and the policies for visitors and contractors collectively impact the physical security of a building. By adopting comprehensive and effective measures, organizations can mitigate the risk of unauthorized access, protect assets and information, and ensure the safety of occupants.

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