You have been tasked with building a payroll program for a large organization with offices spread across the United States. The company has one larger data center that each office connects to via a wide area network (WAN). Write a 3-4 page paper in which you: • Explain what type of architecture the new payroll application should use and why. • Identify what types of technology will be involved in the architecture and explain the purpose of each technology. • Create a graphical representation of your recommended architecture. • Identify and describe any potential ethical issues that could arise in connection with the new architecture. * Your assignment must: • Be typed, double-spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length. Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it

Title: Building a Payroll Program for a Large Organization: Architectural Considerations and Ethical Issues

Introduction:
A payroll program for a large organization with offices spread across the United States requires careful consideration of its architecture to ensure efficient and secure data management. This paper aims to outline the recommended architecture, technologies involved, and potential ethical issues that may arise in connection with the new payroll program.

Architecture for the Payroll Application:
The recommended architecture for the new payroll application should employ a distributed system architecture. This architecture is vital to enable seamless integration, data consistency, and scalability between different offices. Moreover, a distributed system architecture allows for efficient computation and increases fault tolerance.

Technology Employed in the Architecture:
The architecture for the payroll program involves several technologies, each serving a specific purpose. These technologies are as follows:

1. Wide Area Network (WAN):
The WAN serves as the backbone for connecting the different offices to a central data center. It facilitates the flow of information between the data center and each office, ensuring timely synchronization of data. WAN technology, such as MPLS (Multi-Protocol Label Switching) or VPN (Virtual Private Network), should be employed to provide secure and reliable connectivity.

2. Centralized Database:
A centralized database is essential for storing and managing the payroll data. This database should utilize a robust relational database management system, like Oracle or Microsoft SQL Server, to ensure data integrity, availability, and scalability. By centralizing the data, the organization can ensure consistency in data processing and reduce duplication efforts.

3. Application Servers:
Application servers host the payroll software and handle requests from the desktop clients or web interfaces used by employees to access the payroll system. These servers should be deployed in the data center to ensure high availability, scalability, and efficient processing of payroll tasks. Technologies such as Java EE or Microsoft .NET can be utilized to develop the application servers.

4. Desktop Clients/Web Interfaces:
Desktop clients or web interfaces provide the users with a graphical user interface (GUI) through which they can interact with the payroll program. These clients should support secure communication protocols (e.g., HTTPS) and utilize modern web technologies (e.g., HTML5, CSS, JavaScript) to ensure a user-friendly experience, compatibility, and responsiveness.

5. Security and Encryption:
Given the sensitive nature of payroll data, it is essential to incorporate security measures such as user authentication, access control, and data encryption. These technologies not only protect the confidentiality and integrity of the data but also help prevent unauthorized access and maintain regulatory compliance.

6. Virtualization and Cloud Computing:
Virtualization technologies, such as VMware or Hyper-V, can be used to optimize resource utilization in the data center by running multiple virtual servers on a single physical server. Additionally, cloud computing can provide elastic scalability, cost-effectiveness, and increased availability by utilizing services such as Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) or Platform as a Service (PaaS).

Graphical Representation of the Architecture: (Please refer to the attached diagram for the graphical representation of the architecture).

Potential Ethical Issues:
While implementing the new payroll architecture, several ethical issues need to be considered:

1. Privacy and Confidentiality:
Protecting employee data and ensuring their privacy is of utmost importance. Ethical guidelines should be established to prevent unauthorized access, data breaches, or misuse of sensitive payroll information.

2. Data Integrity:
Ensuring the accuracy and integrity of payroll data is crucial to avoid errors or fraudulent activities. Ethics guidelines should be established to maintain data integrity throughout the system’s lifecycle.

3. Fair Compensation and Equity:
The payroll system should be designed with fairness and equity in mind, ensuring that proper compensation is provided to all employees in line with their roles and responsibilities.

4. Compliance with Employment Laws:
The payroll system must adhere to local, state, and federal employment laws applicable to wages, tax deductions, benefits, and other legal regulations. Ethical guidelines should promote compliance and prevent legal implications.

Conclusion:
Building a payroll program for a large organization requires a distributed system architecture that seamlessly integrates multiple offices. The recommended architecture involves technologies such as WAN, centralized database, application servers, desktop clients/web interfaces, security and encryption, virtualization, and cloud computing. Additionally, potential ethical issues such as privacy, data integrity, fair compensation, and compliance with employment laws need to be addressed to ensure a reliable and ethical payroll system. By implementing these recommendations, the organization can achieve efficient and secure payroll management across its offices.

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