Topic 6 1) Please post the hyperlink to one federal statute which influences commerce on the internet and summarize in not less than 100 words what that statute accomplishes (120 words) 2) Please post the hyperlink to one state statute which influences commerce on the internet and summarize in not less than 100 words what that statute accomplishes (120 words) 3) Please describe an instance of which you are aware of which an act of internet crime took place. (450 words) 2) On April 18, 2016, The United States Supreme Court denied a petition for certiorari (refused to review the lower court’s ruling) in the case of Authors Guild v. Google, Inc., 804 F. 3d 202 – Court of Appeals, 2nd Circuit 2015. That case let stand the ruling of the Court of Appeals which can be found at the following website: last accessed July 9, 2016. last accessed July 9, 2016. Please write a 500-word summary of fair use as this court decision says it (500 words) Topic 9 Please write an essay of not less than 500 words, summarizing a court’s interpretation in a case involving online protection of a patent. Cite both the case and statute using standard legal notation. (500 words)

Title: The Court’s Interpretation of Fair Use in Authors Guild v. Google, Inc.

Authors Guild v. Google, Inc. is a significant case that has had a profound impact on fair use in the context of internet commerce. The case centered around Google’s book digitization project, which involved scanning and indexing millions of books, including copyrighted works, creating a digital library accessible to the public. The Court of Appeals, in its ruling, affirmed the district court’s decision that Google’s use of copyrighted material constituted fair use under the Copyright Act.

The fair use doctrine, found in §107 of the Copyright Act, provides a framework for the use of copyrighted material without permission from the copyright owner. It acknowledges that certain uses of copyrighted works, such as criticism, commentary, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, or research, may be considered fair and not infringing on the rights of the copyright holder.

The Court held that Google’s digitization and creation of a searchable index of books was transformative and constituted a highly beneficial use for the public. It found that the use of copyrighted works served a transformative purpose, as it allowed users to discover books, find relevant information, and explore new areas of knowledge. Additionally, the Court emphasized that Google’s digitization project did not offer full-text access to copyrighted books, but only provided small snippets of text for search results, limiting its impact on the market value of the works.

Furthermore, the Court recognized the potential benefits Google’s project brought to authors and publishers. The digitization project enabled out-of-print books to become discoverable and, in some cases, available for purchase. The Court highlighted that this digitization effort tapped into the broader public interest of increasing access to knowledge and promoting transformative research.

The Court’s ruling in Authors Guild v. Google, Inc. solidified several key considerations in determining fair use in the context of internet commerce. It emphasized the importance of transformative purpose and the public benefit derived from the use of copyrighted works. The ruling recognized that advancements in technology, such as digital indexing and searching, could enable new ways to utilize copyrighted material while serving the public interest.

In conclusion, the Court’s decision in Authors Guild v. Google, Inc. reaffirmed the significance of fair use in enabling transformative use of copyrighted material. It recognized the value of Google’s book digitization project in promoting access to knowledge and facilitating research. This case further solidified the concept that fair use can adapt to new modes of internet commerce, allowing for the exploration and repurposing of copyrighted works in a manner that benefits the public while respecting the rights of copyright holders.

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