Suppose you are the IT professional in charge of security for a small pharmacy that has recently opened within a shopping mall. The daily operation of a pharmacy is a unique business that requires a combination of both physical and logical access controls geared towards protecting medication and funds located on the premises, as well as the personally identifiable information and protected health information of your customers that resides on your system. Your supervisor has tasked you with identifying inherent risks associated with your pharmacy and establishing strong physical and logical access control methods to mitigate the identified risks. Write an eight to ten (8-10) page paper in which you: Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements: The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are: Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it Purchase the answer to view it

Title: Securing a Small Pharmacy: Inherent Risks and Robust Access Control Methods


In today’s digital age, securing sensitive data and assets is of utmost importance for businesses, especially in the healthcare industry. As an IT professional responsible for security at a small pharmacy located within a shopping mall, it is essential to identify inherent risks associated with the pharmacy and establish strong physical and logical access control methods to mitigate these risks. This paper aims to analyze the unique challenges faced by a pharmacy in terms of security and provide recommendations for implementing comprehensive access control measures.

Identification of Inherent Risks:

1. Physical Security Risks:
– Theft of medication and funds: Due to the high value of pharmaceutical drugs, pharmacies are at an increased risk of theft. Criminals may target medication or funds held on the premises, which can result in financial loss and compromised customer safety.
– Unauthorized entry: The location of the pharmacy within a shopping mall increases the risk of unauthorized access. Intruders may attempt to gain entry to steal medication or tamper with the pharmacy’s systems.

2. Information Security Risks:
– Breach of customer information: Pharmacies collect and store personally identifiable information (PII) and protected health information (PHI) of their customers. A security breach could lead to unauthorized access, identity theft, or misuse of medical information, violating privacy regulations.
– Cyberattacks: Pharmacies rely on electronic systems for various operations, including inventory management and electronic health records. A successful cyberattack could compromise the integrity and availability of these systems, leading to disruptions in service and potential harm to customers.

Strong Physical Access Control Methods:

1. Surveillance Systems:
– Install high-quality surveillance cameras in the pharmacy to monitor and record activities around the clock. Strategically position cameras to cover critical areas, such as the entrance, medication storage areas, and cash registers.
– Implement real-time monitoring of surveillance footage, enabling early detection of suspicious activities. Additionally, retain footage for an extended period to serve as evidence in case of incidents or breaches.

2. Restricted Entry and Exit Points:
– Implement access control systems, such as badge readers or biometric scanners, to restrict entry and exit points. This ensures that only authorized personnel can access the pharmacy premises.
– Consider implementing two-factor authentication for sensitive areas, such as the medication storage room, to provide an additional layer of security.

3. Alarms and Sensors:
– Install motion sensors and alarm systems to detect unauthorized access attempts. These systems should be connected to a centralized monitoring station to ensure prompt response to any breach.

Strong Logical Access Control Methods:

1. User Authentication and Authorization:
– Implement strong password policies for all employees, including frequent password changes and minimum password complexity requirements.
– Adopt multi-factor authentication methods, such as the use of smart cards or biometrics, to enhance user authentication and reduce the risk of unauthorized access.

2. Role-Based Access Control (RBAC):
– Assign user roles and permissions based on job responsibilities to ensure that employees have access only to the information and systems necessary to fulfill their duties.
– Regularly review and update user roles and permissions to align with any changes in job roles or responsibilities.

3. Encryption and Data Protection:
– Employ robust encryption methods, such as AES (Advanced Encryption Standard), to protect sensitive data when stored or transmitted.
– Implement data loss prevention solutions to monitor and prevent unauthorized data leakage, ensuring that customer information remains confidential.

Securing a small pharmacy requires a comprehensive approach that addresses both physical and logical access control risks. By identifying inherent risks and implementing robust access control methods, the pharmacy can safeguard medication, funds, and sensitive customer information. It is essential to regularly assess and update security measures to adapt to evolving threats and ensure a proactive approach to security.

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