Read the case study “Creating a Methodology” on page 108 and then answer one (1) of the questions on page 110. Note- Discussions will consist of 2 parts: Your initial posting on the subject, and responses to two or more students postings. Post your primary response by each Wednesday midnight. Respond to at least two (2) other postings by Sunday Midnight. The primary post should be at least 300 words in length. Your second postings can either answer another student’s question to your own post or be a comment to his or her original post. Secondary posts must be at least 150 words in length. • All initial postings must have at least one citation or reference and it must be in APA format. Failure to have a reference or not having it in APA format will deduct 5 points. • Word counts must be met. Each 10 words short will deduct 1 point from your total discussion score. • If any part of your postings is copied and pasted you will receive no credit for the assignment, and no resubmission is possible. • Late postings will receive reduced credit of 10% per day. After 10 days late no credit will be given.

Creating a methodology is an important step in conducting research as it ensures that the study is rigorous, systematic, and consistent. In the case study “Creating a Methodology,” the author discusses the various challenges and considerations in developing a methodology for conducting ethnographic research in an urban setting.

One of the questions posed on page 110 asks: “How would you determine the appropriate sample size for an ethnographic study in an urban setting?” This question is essential in understanding the practical aspects of conducting research and ensuring the validity and reliability of the findings.

To determine the appropriate sample size for an ethnographic study in an urban setting, several factors need to be considered. First, the researcher should consider the scope and objectives of the study. Is the aim of the study to provide a general overview of the urban setting or to focus on a specific aspect or subgroup within the community? The more specific the research focus, the smaller the sample size may be.

Second, the researcher should consider the level of variability within the urban setting. In diverse urban environments, there may be multiple ethnicities, socioeconomic statuses, and cultural backgrounds. A larger sample size may be required to capture this diversity accurately. On the other hand, if the urban setting is relatively homogenous, a smaller sample size may be sufficient.

Third, the researcher should consider the available resources, including time and budget constraints. Ethnographic studies often require prolonged engagement with the community, participant observations, and in-depth interviews. These activities can be time-consuming and costly. Therefore, the sample size should be manageable within the available resources.

Fourth, the researcher should consider the saturation point. Saturation refers to the point at which the data collected becomes repetitive or redundant, and no new or meaningful information emerges. Once saturation is reached, additional data collection may not provide valuable insights. Therefore, the sample size should be sufficient to reach saturation but not excessively large.

Fifth, the researcher may consider previous ethnographic studies conducted in similar urban settings. Reviewing the literature can provide insights into the typical sample sizes used in previous research and help inform the decisions for a new study.

To determine the appropriate sample size, researchers can use various approaches, such as convenience sampling or purposive sampling. Convenience sampling involves selecting participants based on their availability and accessibility, while purposive sampling involves selecting participants with specific characteristics relevant to the research objectives. The sample size can be determined using statistical calculations or through iterative processes during data collection and analysis.

In conclusion, determining the appropriate sample size for an ethnographic study in an urban setting requires careful consideration of the research objectives, the level of variability within the community, available resources, the point of saturation, and previous research in similar settings. By taking these factors into account, researchers can ensure the validity and reliability of their findings.

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