Q1 Ref:  Jennings, M. (2018). Business: Its legal, ethical, and global environment (11th Edition). Cengage If a business does not agree with the decision of a hearing officer, may that business appeal the decision directly to the judicial court system?  What steps must the business take to get the case within the judicial system? Peter Plaintiff’s son is killed while working overseas for a United States corporation that deals in proprietary petroleum extraction and production.  Peter Plaintiff brings a wrongful death lawsuit on behalf of his son’s estate against this corporation and requests a wide scope of business documents related to the corporation and its overseas operations under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).  What defenses, if any, does the corporation have against revealing the requested information under the FOIA? ………………………………………………………….. Q2 Ref: Iacobucci, D. (2018). 5th ed. Cengage Learning. Use the Internet to research and identify 10 ads that have used subliminal messages, prepare a report about these ads. Is it very easy for consumers to identify these hidden messages? What effect do they have if any? If not, why do you think advertisers use them?

In order to answer the question regarding a business’s ability to appeal a decision of a hearing officer directly to the judicial court system, it is important to examine the legal framework surrounding administrative law. Administrative law encompasses the body of law that regulates government agencies’ actions and their relationships with private individuals and businesses. In many countries, including the United States, there are typically established processes for challenging administrative decisions and seeking judicial review.

In the United States, for example, if a business disagrees with a decision made by a hearing officer, it may be able to appeal that decision directly to the judicial court system. However, before doing so, the business generally must exhaust all available administrative remedies. This means that the business must first seek review within the administrative agency itself and potentially before an administrative law judge before resorting to the court system.

The steps the business needs to take to get the case within the judicial system typically involve filing a petition for judicial review in the appropriate court. The specific requirements and procedures vary depending on the jurisdiction and the nature of the administrative decision being challenged. It is essential for the business to comply with the relevant statutory and procedural rules to ensure the appeal is properly considered.

Turning to the second question regarding a wrongful death lawsuit brought by Peter Plaintiff against a United States corporation under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), it is important to analyze the potential defenses that the corporation may have against revealing the requested information. The FOIA is a federal law that provides the public with a right to access information held by federal government agencies. However, this law does not generally apply to private corporations.

If Peter Plaintiff is seeking business documents related to the corporation and its overseas operations under the FOIA, the corporation may have several defenses available. For instance, the corporation may argue that it is not a federal government agency and therefore not subject to the FOIA’s disclosure requirements. Additionally, the corporation may assert that the requested information falls within certain exemptions outlined in the FOIA.

These exemptions include, but are not limited to, materials that are classified in the interest of national defense or foreign policy, trade secrets, and commercial or financial information that is privileged or confidential. If the information sought by Peter Plaintiff falls within these exemptions, the corporation may have a valid defense against revealing it under the FOIA.

In conclusion, a business may be able to appeal a decision of a hearing officer directly to the judicial court system after exhausting all available administrative remedies. To get the case within the judicial system, the business typically needs to file a petition for judicial review. Regarding the defense against revealing business documents under the FOIA, the corporation may argue that it is not subject to the FOIA’s disclosure requirements, and it may invoke exemptions outlined in the FOIA if the information sought falls within those exemptions.

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