It is essential to determine how unintended software is installed on user systems with only marginal adherence to policies. By understanding the process, a security professional can better ensure that only software built to acceptable standards is installed and maintained on systems under their purview. Using an Internet search engine, identify three sources of unintended software that could be installed on a user’s machine. In a 500- to 750-word essay, describe the type and risks of the executable programs and adware to the user. Explain why this is legal. Then, share your personal experience related to what happens when software has negative, unintended side effects from unanticipated installation. Who is to blame, the software developer or user? It might be perfectly okay legally when there is no malice aforethought, but how would you explain this when humans are considered as God’s image bearer? How would you relate it to human value and dignity? Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required. This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

Title: Analyzing the Risks of Unintended Software Installations on User Systems


The installation of unintended software on user systems poses significant security risks that can compromise the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of sensitive data. Security professionals must understand the sources and types of unintended software to effectively implement measures that ensure only software meeting acceptable standards is installed and maintained. This essay aims to identify three sources of unintended software, analyze the risks associated with executable programs and adware, discuss the legality of such installations, and address personal experiences with unintended software side effects. Additionally, it will explore the allocation of blame between software developers and users, considering ethical dimensions of human value and dignity.

Sources of Unintended Software

1. Freeware and Shareware: One common source of unintended software is freeware and shareware, which are software programs offered for free or with limited functionality. Users often download such programs from unofficial or unverified sources. While these programs may serve legitimate purposes, they may also contain hidden malicious code or bundled unwanted software, exposing users to various risks.

2. Drive-by Downloads: Drive-by downloads occur when malicious code is automatically executed by visiting a compromised website or clicking on a malicious link within an email or online advertisement. Users are often unaware that their systems are being infected as the downloads occur silently in the background. This method is frequently used to distribute malware, including executable programs, adware, and spyware.

3. Software bundling: Some software packages, especially those obtained from unofficial sources or peer-to-peer networks, may include bundled additional software or toolbars. Users who download such packages may inadvertently install unintended software alongside the desired program. The bundled software tends to exhibit malicious behavior, such as displaying intrusive advertisements, tracking user activities, or making unauthorized changes to system settings.

Risks of Executable Programs and Adware

Executable programs obtained through unintended software installations can introduce several risks to users’ systems:

1. Malware: Executable programs can include malware, such as viruses, worms, Trojans, or ransomware. These malicious programs can compromise data integrity, steal sensitive information, disrupt system operation, or extort financial gains from victims. Malware can spread across networks, infecting other systems and causing widespread damage.

2. Spyware: Unintended software installations may result in spyware, which covertly collects user information and activities without consent. Spyware can monitor keystrokes, capture screenshots, record browsing habits, and harvest credentials. This information can be exploited for identity theft, financial fraud, or unauthorized surveillance.

3. Adware: Adware is software that displays unwanted advertisements or redirects users to advertising websites. While adware itself may not be malicious, it can significantly impact user experience, consume system resources, slow down performance, and compromise the security of systems. Adware often collects user information and browsing habits to deliver targeted advertisements, thereby compromising privacy.

Legality of Unintended Software Installations

The legality of unintended software installations depends on the specific circumstances and applicable laws. In general, unintentional installations are considered legal as long as there is no malicious intent or deliberate violation of regulations. However, the inclusion of hidden or bundled software without explicit user consent may raise concerns related to informed consent and deceptive practices.

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