Discuss in 500 words or more the relationship between NIST and FISMA. Cite your sources. Do not copy. Write in essay format not in bulleted, numbered or other list format. Reply to two classmates’ posting in a paragraph of at least five sentences by asking questions, reflecting on your own experience, challenging assumptions, pointing out something new you learned, offering suggestions.   You should make your initial post by Thursday evening so your classmates have an opportunity to respond before Sunday.at midnight when all three posts are due. It is important that you use your own words, that you cite your sources, that you comply with the instructions regarding length of your post and that you reply to two classmates in a substantive way (not ‘nice post’ or the like).  Your goal is to help your colleagues write better. Do not use spinbot or other word replacement software. It usually results in nonsense and is not a good way to learn anything. Please do not use attachments unless requested. I need this by end of the day today. My rate is 10$ Purchase the answer to view it

The relationship between NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) and FISMA (Federal Information Security Management Act) is a critical one in the field of information security. NIST is responsible for developing and promoting standards, guidelines, and best practices to ensure the security and privacy of information and information systems within federal agencies. FISMA, on the other hand, is a federal law enacted in 2002 that provides a framework for securing information systems used by federal agencies.

NIST plays a central role in supporting the implementation of FISMA by providing guidance on information security standards and practices that federal agencies must follow. It develops and publishes a wide range of publications, known as Special Publications (SPs), which provide detailed guidance on various aspects of information security. These publications cover areas such as risk management, encryption, access control, incident response, and security assessment and authorization.

One of the most important contributions of NIST to FISMA is the development of the Risk Management Framework (RMF). The RMF provides a structured and repeatable process for managing information security risk within federal agencies. It includes six steps: categorization, selection, implementation, assessment, authorization, and monitoring.

NIST also develops and maintains the Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS). FIPS are a set of standards and guidelines that define various aspects of information security, including encryption algorithms, cryptographic protocols, and security requirements for IT products and systems. These standards are mandatory for federal agencies and are an integral part of the FISMA compliance process.

FISMA, on the other hand, requires federal agencies to develop and implement comprehensive information security programs. This includes establishing policies and procedures, conducting risk assessments, implementing security controls, and regularly monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of these controls.

FISMA also requires federal agencies to undergo periodic security assessments and authorization processes to ensure that their information systems meet the required security standards. NIST provides detailed guidance on how these assessments and authorizations should be conducted, including the use of security controls specified in its publications.

In conclusion, NIST and FISMA have a close and interdependent relationship in the field of information security. NIST develops and promotes the standards, guidelines, and best practices that federal agencies must follow to comply with FISMA. The publications and frameworks developed by NIST serve as the foundation for implementing effective information security programs within federal agencies. FISMA, in turn, establishes the legal framework and requirements that federal agencies must meet to ensure the security and privacy of their information systems. By working together, NIST and FISMA help to protect the sensitive information and systems of the federal government.

References:
1. NIST. (2021). Special Publications 800 Series. Retrieved from https://www.nist.gov/programs-projects/special-publications-800-series
2. NIST. (2021). Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS). Retrieved from https://www.nist.gov/itl/fips

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