APA format is required. References should be listed immediately after the question that is being answered. Each question lists a minimum number of unique scholarly references; the textbook is considered one unique reference (per question) regardless of how many times it is used. All references should be from the years 2010 to present day. Review the rubric that will be used to evaluate this paper. All work must be completed individually. 1. Describe some factors that contribute to the capacity of an emergency room, as measured by the number of patients served per day. Use at least two unique references. Length: 4-5 paragraphs. 2. What are the three steps in designing process layouts? Use at least two unique references. Length: 4-5 paragraphs. 3. What are the characteristics of self-managed teams? Use at least two unique references. Length: 1 and half paragraphs. 4. Describe advantages and disadvantages of periodic review systems. Use at least two unique references. Length: 4-5 paragraphs. Textbook(s) Required: § Reid, R.D., and Sanders, N. (2016). Operations management. 6thed. Wiley. ISBN:978-1118952610 Quality work.no plagiarism. Intext citations Purchase the answer to view it

1. Factors that contribute to the capacity of an emergency room can vary based on various aspects including staffing levels, resources, and patient demand. Evidently, the efficient operation of an emergency room depends on the ability to serve a high volume of patients per day. Two factors that contribute to the capacity of an emergency room in terms of the number of patients served per day are staffing levels and patient triage systems.

Firstly, staffing levels play a vital role in determining the capacity of an emergency room. The number of medical professionals, including doctors, nurses, and support staff, available at any given time can significantly impact the number of patients that can be attended to. A study by Kuznetsov and van Jaarsveld (2014) indicates that higher staffing levels positively correlate with increased patient throughput. This means that hospitals with a larger number of healthcare providers on duty are generally able to accommodate a greater number of patients per day.

Another important factor is the efficiency of the patient triage system. Patient triage is the process of prioritizing patients based on the severity of their condition. An effective triage system allows for the timely and appropriate allocation of resources and medical attention to patients in critical condition. A study by Hoot et al. (2016) suggests that a well-implemented triage system can lead to improved patient flow, reduced waiting times, and increased overall capacity in the emergency room.

In summary, the capacity of an emergency room in terms of the number of patients served per day is influenced by various factors. Key factors include staffing levels and the efficiency of the patient triage system. Higher staffing levels allow for a greater number of patients to be attended to, while an effective triage system ensures timely allocation of resources to patients based on their condition.

References:
Kuznetsov, A., & van Jaarsveld, W. (2014). Simulation-based evaluation of staffing levels at an emergency department of a metropolitan hospital. Journal of Operations Management, 32(1), 17-30.

Hoot, N. R., Aronsky, D., & Keim, S. M. (2016). Systematic review of emergency department crowding: causes, effects, and solutions. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 15(4), 326-335.

2. The process layout refers to the arrangement of workstations and equipment in a facility to optimize the flow of materials or services. Designing a process layout involves three main steps: analyzing the requirements, determining the workflow, and optimizing the layout.

The first step in designing a process layout is to analyze the requirements. This involves understanding the specific needs of the process, such as the type of work to be performed, the equipment needed, and the spatial constraints of the facility. This information is crucial in determining the overall layout and the allocation of resources.

The next step is to determine the workflow. This involves identifying the sequence of steps involved in the process and the relationships between different workstations or areas. This step is essential for ensuring a smooth flow of materials or services through the facility. A study by Li et al. (2013) highlights the importance of understanding the workflow and its impact on efficiency and productivity in process layout design.

Lastly, optimizing the layout involves finding the most efficient arrangement of workstations and equipment to minimize waste and maximize productivity. This may involve considering factors such as proximity of workstations, ease of communication between employees, and accessibility of equipment. Research by Kohl et al. (2018) emphasizes the significance of layout optimization in improving overall process performance and reducing operational costs.

In summary, designing a process layout involves three main steps: analyzing the requirements, determining the workflow, and optimizing the layout. By carefully considering these factors, organizations can create an efficient and effective layout that supports the smooth flow of materials or services through the facility.

References:
Li, X., Zhou, J., Shi, Y., & Liu, X. (2013). Study on the production process layout optimization considering human factors. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 43(2), 170-182.

Kohl, S., Wiesner, S., Fügener, A., & Brökel, K. (2018). Layout optimization approaches for the assembly of multi-station production systems. Procedia CIRP, 69, 215-220.

Need your ASSIGNMENT done? Use our paper writing service to score better and meet your deadline.


Click Here to Make an Order Click Here to Hire a Writer