A recent risk assessment highlighted the need for Red Clay to formalize the security measures required to protect information, information systems, and the information infrastructures for the company’s headquarters and field offices. The CISO has proposed a plan of action which includes developing system security plans using guidance from NIST SP-800-18 Guide for Developing Security Plans for Federal Information Systems. The CISO asked you to prepare a two page, draft briefing paper (5-7 paragraphs) for the IT Governance Board and Red Clay Renovations Board of Directors that introduces Security Control Classes and Security Control Families related to Red Clay risks. This audience is familiar with financial controls but has not yet been introduced to the use of controls in the context of IT security. You should leverage their knowledge in your explanations of the control classes and families. If necessary, research “financial controls” as well as IT security controls before writing this briefing paper. Your draft briefing paper should include the following items: Planning Risk Assessment Program Management Access Controls Identification & Authentication System & Communication Protections Awareness & Training Contingency Planning Incident Response Provide in-text citations and references for 3 or more authoritative sources. Put the reference list at the end of your posting.

Title: Introduction to Security Control Classes and Families for Red Clay Renovations

Introduction

In recent years, the importance of securing information and information systems has become a critical concern for organizations worldwide. In response to a risk assessment that identified vulnerabilities, Red Clay Renovations has recognized the need to formalize security measures to protect its information, information systems, and information infrastructures. To address this issue, the Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) has proposed a plan of action that includes developing system security plans using guidance from the National Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication (NIST SP) 800-18: Guide for Developing Security Plans for Federal Information Systems.

This briefing paper aims to introduce the concept of Security Control Classes and Security Control Families to the IT Governance Board and Red Clay Renovations Board of Directors. Although these boards are familiar with financial controls, they may not yet be acquainted with the use of controls in the context of IT security. Thus, this paper will leverage their existing knowledge of financial controls to provide an understanding of IT security controls, while highlighting their relevance and importance for Red Clay Renovations.

Security Control Classes

Security Control Classes can be conceptualized as a framework that guides the implementation and management of security controls within an organization. Similar to financial controls, which are designed to minimize financial risks, security controls aim to minimize IT security risks. The NIST SP 800-18 categorizes Security Control Classes into three classes: Management, Operational, and Technical Controls.

1. Management Controls: These controls encompass the policies, procedures, and processes that govern the overall management of IT security within an organization. They provide the framework for ensuring that security objectives are established, risks are assessed, and appropriate measures are implemented. Management controls involve planning, organization, and communication between different levels of management, promoting an organization-wide security culture.

2. Operational Controls: Operational controls are the processes and specific actions implemented within an organization to protect information and information systems against potential threats. These controls address issues such as access management, contingency planning, and incident response. Much like financial controls, operational controls focus on day-to-day activities that ensure the effectiveness and efficiency of security measures.

3. Technical Controls: Technical controls refer to the hardware, software, and IT infrastructure elements that support security objectives. These controls include mechanisms such as firewalls, encryption, access controls, and intrusion detection systems. Technical controls are the foundation of IT security, as they provide the technological means to prevent, detect, and mitigate potential security breaches.

Security Control Families

Security Control Families are groupings of related security controls that address specific areas of concern within an organization. These families provide a structured approach to addressing known vulnerabilities and potential threats. A range of security control families exists, each addressing various aspects of IT security. Some key security control families include:

1. Planning: This family includes controls related to the strategic planning, assessment, and management of information security risks. It ensures that security objectives align with organizational goals and objectives, ensuring the efficient management of resources.

2. Risk Assessment: These controls focus on the identification, evaluation, and response to potential risks to information and information systems. By conducting risk assessments, an organization can identify its vulnerabilities and develop appropriate mitigating strategies.

3. Program Management: Program management controls involve the effective oversight and coordination of security activities and initiatives. These controls address issues such as allocation of resources, coordination of key stakeholders, and evaluation of the overall effectiveness of the security program.

4. Access Controls: Access controls are designed to regulate and manage user access to information and information systems. These controls ensure that only authorized individuals have access to specific resources, mitigating the risk of unauthorized access and data breaches.

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